Bozyazı is a town and district of Mersin Province on the Mediterranean coast of Turkey, 220 km (137 mi) west of the city of Mersin.
Bozyazı is a remote coastal district with the Taurus Mountains as a backdrop; The roads over the mountains or along the coast from either direction are very difficult to drive making Bozyazı too far from large cities or the established centres of tourism to attract many visitors, so the district is quiet and unspoilt. However there are developments of holiday flats in some places, mainly owned by people from Konya and Ankara as well as foreigners. The sea is clean and Bozyazı is home to an important colony of the endangered Mediterranean monk seal.

The narrow coastal strip has a temperate climate and is used to grow bananas along with strawberries, citrus fruits, ground-nuts, and a variety vegetables and fruits. The higher land (over 50% of the district) meanwhile is used for apples and walnuts. There are areas of cedar and fir trees.

The highest peaks are Tol Dağı (1,250 m), Azıtepe (780 m), Susmak Dağı (1,600 m), Kaş Dağı (1,639 m) and Elmakuzu Dağı (1,690 m), there are areas of high meadow in these mountains used for summer grazing. Bozyazı river rushes off Elmakız through a rocky gorge, there is a dam and hyrodelectric power station 14 km north of Bozyazı.

The ruins of the ancient Greek city of Nagidos are on a hill above the town of Bozyazı. They are being excavated by a team from Mersin University who have found traces of occupation going back to the Hellenistic period of the 4th century BC, when Nagidos was an outpost of Rhodes and Samos, a small port established to trade goods from Egypt and Cyprus. The town was subsequently controlled by Ptolemaic Empire, Ancient Romans, Byzantines and Seljuk Turks.

The cave of Kelenderis ( Gilindire Cave – Aynalıgöl Mağarası )

Gilindire Cave is located approximately 7.5 km (4.7 mi) southeast of Sancak Point and Kurtini Creek in the Aydıncık district, part of the Mersin Province. Its entrance faces the Mediterranean Sea, and a small village lies in front of the cave. The cave is accessible by sea via a 1 1/2-hour boat trip from Aydıncık, or by land via a 15–minute walk from the Antalya-Mersin highway. A steel stairway leads down to the cave’s entrance from above.
Gilindire Cave was discovered by a shepherd in 1999.When the state-owned Mineral Research and Exploration Co. (MTA) undertook exploration works in the cave, they discovered the lake at the end of the cave, 450 m (1,480 ft) from the entrance In 2002, two Turkish photographers came to the cave by sea, and took photos for the magazineAtlas both in the cave and underwater in the lake. Archaeologists found potsherds in the cave belonging to the New Stone Age, Copper Age, and Early Bronze Age periods.
According to a survey by experts, the cave was formed in the beginning of the transition phase after the last glacial climate change of the Quaternary Period, when the Mediterranean Sea rose 70 m (230 ft), flooding the bottom of the cave. The change in the hydrological regime helped preserve the cave formations such as stalagmites and stalactites Due to being under water, they have remained unaffected by atmospheric changes to the present day. The lake’s water is brackish to a depth of 12 m (39 ft), while deeper water is saline.
In 2013, Gilindire Cave was designated a nature reserve by the Ministry of Forest and Water Management. It was opened to the public, and has become a tourist attraction.


Anemurium, the remains of the ancient city, built between c. 100 BC and AD 600 6 km (4 mi) southwest of Anamur, on the coast.

The stone walls of the city are still partly intact and there are many mosaics. The small theatre or odeion is still largely intact across from the more poorly preserved large theatre and there are several bath buildings.

Enough left of the city’s two-storey Roman bathhouse to give a good impression of what it was in its heyday, with changing rooms, a hot section, a warm section, and a hall with a pool. On the entrance gate a sign written Latin says “Welcome to the baths, have a good bath.”

The city had an elaborate water supply system, as illustrated by the remains of the aqueducts. There is also an acropolis containing the ruins of a palace, which had its own private water supply. Around the city walls there are many Roman built tombs, which even have small entrance halls for visitors.

The site has been excavated by Canadian teams from the University of Toronto and the University of British Columbia.


Softa (Sycae) Castle

The Bozyazı District 7 kilometers east of Castle Softa Fidiktep installed on the walls in places, is well preserved, oval shape. Located castle gate intermediate space in the middle of the western wall with the defense forces has been increased. Outside the fortress and citadel consisting of walls and spread over a wide area with sofa set in the castle’s building is located in an old port city on the southern slopes, the “Arsinoe” extends to eat. Examples of the southern slope of the castle seen Anemurium two-storey tomb built in the architectural style we see in the ancient city. The upper cover is covered with vaults of the building was demolished. Structures that are still standing at the end of the castle entrance and walls of the mosque, is estimated to have reached a place of the palace with Rama. Built near the castle walls late on a small scale of the Roman baths are located. It is used in the interior are plastered on Roman and Byzantine structures located outside many cisterns. Karamanoğulları period last castle was inhabited..

Mamure Castle

the medieval castle, well-preserved, about 7 km (4 mi) south east of Anamur. Originally built by the Romans in the third or fourth century AD, it was enlarged by the Byzantine Empire and the Crusaders. After the Seljuk Turkish Sultan `Ala’ ad-Din Kay-Qubad captured the castle in 1221, he had it rebuilt in its present form. It consists of three courtyards with 39 towers, surrounded by a moat. In one courtyard there is an ancient mosque with a minaret – built by Mahmud Bey of Karaman in 1300-1308 – which is still open for prayer. There are the ruins of a bathhouse on the opposite side. The castle is in two sections with two lines of ramparts between them, a walkway along the ramparts links the two sides.